UK Wind

The UK signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol on 31 May 2002, which affirmed its commitment to worldwide GHG reduction targets.

Emissions Reduction Target
The UK has expanded on the Kyoto agreement with the Climate Change Act of 2008. By 2020, the UK has committed to generate 20% or more of its power from non-carbon based renewable energy sources.

Government Policy and Industry Stimulus
To achieve emissions reduction targets, government policymakers have worked hand-in-hand with industry and electrical utilities to create powerful incentives to attract private investment.  A major obstacle to overcome is the payback period on the capital investment in the technology. To address this, a "Feed-In Tariff" has been put in place in the UK and other countries to mitigate this issue.

Feed-In Tariff (FIT)
A Feed-In Tariff is a policy mechanism designed to encourage the adoption of renewable energy sources and to help accelerate the move toward "grid parity," the point at which renewable electricity is equal to or cheaper than grid power generated from conventional fuel sources.

Key FIT Provisions
The UK FIT includes three critical provisions:

• Transparency - the rates the utility will pay for the electrical production are published, fixed, and mandated  by government legislation,
• Longevity - the utility will lock in the rate on a contract for 20 years
• Certainty - the FIT requires the utilities to buy generated power and guarantee grid access. The cost-based prices therefore enable diversity of projects (wind, solar, etc.) to be developed, and for investors to obtain a reasonable return on renewable energy investments.

Learn more about UK, FIT and Wind

Informational Videos

A community-owned wind turbine in Hockerton, Nottinghamshire

Renewable energy in the UK 2010 overview

Wind turbine specific process

Feed-In-Tariffs UK